Durkheim's theory of religion exemplifies how functionalists examine sociological phenomena. * There is a brief description of each, their view of God, and what a person can gain from that religion. ADVERTISEMENTS: Religion being a pervasive and universal institution is deeply rooted in human beings. Although many Igbo people are now Christians, traditional Igbo religious practices still abound. It is not just a strict institution but also exerts a tremendous influence upon all other institutions. ... Because religion can be central to many people’s concept of themselves, sometimes there is an “in-group” versus “out-group” feeling toward other religions in our society or within a particular practice. Because religion can be central to many people’s concept of themselves, sometimes there is an “in-group” versus “out-group” feeling toward other religions in our society or within a particular practice. The traditional Igbo religion includes an uncontested general reverence for Ala or Ana, the earth goddess, and beliefs and rituals related to numerous other male and female deities, spirits, and ancestors, who protect their living descendants. Many sociologists and anthropologists were fascinated by the mystic side of religion. What Weber was concerned within the sociology […] John Dewey "The religious is any activity pursued on behalf of an ideal end against obstacles and in spite of threats of personal loss because of its general … Conceptions of God in monotheist, pantheist, and panentheist religions – or of the supreme deity in henotheistic religions – can extend to various levels of abstraction: as a powerful , human-like , supernatural being, or as the deification of an esoteric , mystical or philosophical entity or category; The ending explains how Jesus' teaching differs from the major religions. Sigmund Freud "Religion is comparable to childhood neurosis." "There is only one religion, though there are hundreds of versions of it." According to Durkheim, people see religion as contributing to the health and continuation of society in general. Thus, religion functions to bind society's members by prompting them to affirm their common values and beliefs on a regular basis. The History of Religion as a Sociological Concept. While there are many specific and different religions, religion itself is an abstract concept—a general category of human pursuit that manifests itself in a variety of ways in different cultures, times and places. Religious Beliefs. *Each of these religions has sects with differing beliefs. Hinduism, New Age Spirituality, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity. Criticism of religion involves criticism of the validity, concept, or ideas of religion.. Religion meets many different needs for people, societies, and nations, but there are some general statements that hold true in most cases. 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