Immersion situations do not force the teachers to change their whole methodological approach, or force them to design their own materials, or force the subject teachers to think more carefully about the crucial role of language in their specialist fields. Then you can track their progress individually and as a group. You'll need to be taking all these elements into consideration. CLIL worksheets If your language class is Spanish, then you might talk about cambio climático (climate change). But, if you use the techniques I’m going to show you in this post, you’ll quickly realize that it’s possible for them to learn both a new language and a new subject at the same time. It's what the famous CLIL slogan means: Using languages to learn, and learning to use languages. In addition, repeating words or phrases gives students the chance for auditory practice. Consider, for example, the principal problem of language teaching. 4. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. A science course, for example, can be taught to students in English and they will not only learn about science, but they will also gain relevant vocabulary and language skills. If the German lesson is food, and you want students to understand essen (eat) then you better open your mouth wide, chew distinctly, rub your tummy and pretend to savor the dish with your eyes closed as if it’s real food that came from a Michelin-starred restaurant kitchen. As already discussed in the previous section, CL techniques may increase learners’ motivation. It's a powerful equation, because it also brings school departments together, and it often results in a potent exchange of skills. decides to practise 'immersion', it doesn't mean that it is CLIL-ing. Communication- Language is a conduit for communication and for T built. A fun starter activity, a recap activity, whatever makes you feel more comfortable. As long as I get the 2, There may be a thematic connection between the three, but when we reach Chapter Four and 'Saving the Rain Forests' we struggle to see the connection. Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of Amazon.com, Inc, or its affiliates. There are a few key ingredients you need in order to make the effort worthwhile. In other words: you do not have to skip lessons but can … You can also let the students work in pairs or groups and present a little bit of role playing. For example, in a Spanish class where you’re all set to deliver an awesome storytelling session, you might actually go on a very short detour by discussing the definite articles la and el. The objective could be written out thus: This is  'Content & Language Integrated Learning', where all the three crucial elements of education are working in harmony. What does that mean exactly? He does not know the names of the planet(s) he is reading about. In short, you must give comprehensible inputs. Also, bear in mind that a lesson is not a collection of activities. Here, you’ll have to use your whole body to convey nuanced meaning to your students. This is a scaffolding as well as a time-saving teaching technique. Adapt existing materials or design their own to fit their particular contexts, Work within a more language-enhanced paradigm. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. Maintain flexible hours? These plans are the voluntary contributions of teachers. It is this kind of iteration, going back and forth between the original, target language material and the translated bit, that’s most effective for students. Join the free CLIL Community on Facebook, be inspired by articles and learn more about CLIL in the free video course! Content and Language Integrated Learning, or CLIL, is a fast, fun, and effective way of teaching English through specific subjects such as science, history, mathematics and more, with dual-focused aims of learning the subject-specific content while also studying the English language. Sort by. Teaching CLIL lessons requires more preparation than teaching General English lessons. Don't overthink it. If you’re teaching Italian, maybe you can talk about the subject of religion and teach a prayer or two in the target language. All Rights Reserved. Instead, after each presentation, do a rundown of everything right that happened during a student’s show and tell. Instead of letting students figure out for themselves some rules of grammar, you can go ahead and do a quick and painless language lesson as a sidebar. Speaking in the CLIL classroom. It's an easy enough division to understand, but both approaches are perfectly valid and often work in a close and mutual cooperation. Do you focus ONLY on passing the TKT-CLIL exam? These materials focus more clearly on the role that language plays in the students' assimilation of the concepts. Content- At the heart of the learning process lie successful content . This has become a classic classroom activity because it compels student engagement with both the subject and the language. Keith Kelly looks at examples of language used in making conclusions and findings from the area of science, categorized by nouns, verbs, word groups and prepositions. Before getting into those rare, treasured techniques, let’s talk about what CLIL is in the first place. Second Class:  Early conflicts with local tribes. These materials are by default more task-based, and therefore more learner-centred. FluentU makes it possible to learn languages from music videos, commercials, news, inspiring talks, cartoons and more, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store, Literacy in MFL: Teach Your Students to Read, and You’ll Gift Them a Lifetime of Learning. For a sampling of how comprehensible input can be achieved even when the crowd doesn’t speak a word of the medium of instruction, here’s a cool Stephen Krashen video. If you’re teaching Italian, maybe you can talk about the subject of religion and teach a prayer or two in the target language. What if you gotta teach a concept that you can’t sufficiently gesture away? He runs back to his group (as many times as he needs), and dictates the description(s). So if you study, The language of learning across the curriculum. PDF | On Oct 24, 2015, Michaela Sepešiová published CLIL lesson planning | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate We mentioned this briefly in the previous article when we said that teachers who deliver their material in the L2 cannot assume that they are being understood. The letter “I” (for “Integrated”) in the acronym is particularly important in CLIL. As much as possible, don’t interrupt the presentation even if you hear wrong use of grammar. The content (conceptual) is learned through a procedure (skills) which requires a certain type of framework (language). Rather than being a stand-alone subject, language becomes a skill acquired in the classroom while mastering other types of content. Yes. The next set of three techniques will show that, in spite of wielding the target language, you can still be understood by your students. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240). We might use Global Warming as a topic, but it's the 2nd Conditional we're really interested in assessing. They’ll hear their new vocabulary words in context, spoken naturally and casually. CLIL is content-driven, and this is where it both extends … Just be sure to continue speaking in the target language throughout the mini-lesson. You can learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU’s unique Learn Mode, which asks questions based on what each student already knows. Then you’re all set to detour. practice in CLIL lessons. If you can demonstrate how to use the prop, then you most probably have just conducted a class that won’t be forgotten any time soon. But how does one apply that in CLIL, when its immersive nature requires that one use the target language as medium of instruction? It's a meeting of minds across what has traditionally been the 'Great Divide'. If showing pictures isn’t enough, get the actual thing! But if it is to be taken seriously as an approach, and then adopted by the world of pedagogy, it needs to have identifiable limits. Keith Kelly looks at examples of language used in making conclusions and findings from the area of geography, categorized by nouns, verbs, word groups and prepositions. Instead of just using words in a lesson and letting the students figure out the meanings for themselves, you might want to be more direct about what vocabulary is being featured and needs to be learned. Sort. Previous; 1 of 5; 1; 2; 3; Next; Show all; Look inside Oxford Read and Discover: Exploring Our World Audio CD Pack. Doing this will allow students to concentrate on your story and not get tripped up by a grammar rule that can be explained very quickly. So, for example, a school that favoured total immersion – where the academic (and possibly social) medium is a foreign language – would be operating under a strong version of CLIL. So for example the teachers that we had in, each of them in their school has a different kind of Content and Language Integrated Learning because they do CLIL differently; some are doing trans-lingual CLIL, which is when they might teach one lesson in English and one lesson in their native language. In such a case, the teacher may simply refer the students to their subject teacher or ask them to research the issue on their own. This is what distinguishes CLIL from language teaching. Then, let students come back to the written activity and correct what they missed, armed with a more empowered understanding of the subject. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Once you accept that you have to do it, it becomes easier. A good metaphor or a lesson plan is a ROAD MAP. Quite simply, it is the teaching of subjects to students through the use of a target language—that is, a language different from their mother tongue. Even your eyes can speak. CLIL can be complex and overwhelming. Please check your email for further instructions. Do you really need to go back to university and get a degree in history, science or math in order to employ CLIL? It would still be much better for students to discover for themselves the meanings of words and concepts, because the brain retains the information it has worked for much better, but if you feel giving the direct translation would outweigh this benefit, then do so. They haven’t normally been trained … You’ll need to be thinking about how to bring the content to each student’s skill level. How easy is this to do? CLIL can be successfully implemented by one teacher, but often, two teachers collaborate before developing lesson plans – and that means learning from each other. These two approaches are often referred to as 'strong' (content-driven) and 'weak' (language-driven). That adjustment almost always entails a reduction in teacher-talk. Oh yes. By studying subject matter, by Googling translations for words, by wrestling with the reading assignments, projects and coursework, by familiarizing themselves with the language’s associated cultures, your students will inevitably gain competency with the language. Every student is guaranteed to find videos they love to watch, and you’re guaranteed to find videos that meet your teaching needs. But it probably works because of the enormously extended contact time that the pupils experience in the target language. 4 . I hope you use them every time you’re looking to teach subjects in a language class, and I wish you good luck! People seem to learn rather well in this way, with one thing following another in a logical sequence. In a way, you’re giving them a little heads up. This would extend to the didactic materials, which are likely to have been designed for L1 (native) speakers. You realise that, as well as being a subject teacher, language learning and teaching is an integral part of your role as a CLIL teacher. Many of our primary and secondary coursebooks support Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL). It needs a lead-in, a task, etc. Download: To give your students an immersive, interactive learning experience, you’ll love using FluentU in your classroom. Just as in construction, scaffolding in the educational context is essentially about support. The group listens, then looks at the pictures of the planets they have been provided with. It’s designed to get students familiar with foreign vocabulary in a fun, friendly, totally approachable way. Don’t just use your hands. Lesson planning in CLIL programmes requires teachers to anticipate language problems and help learners solve them as they proceed through the lesson. After some time reading and wrestling with the Italian text, you process the material by giving students a written activity (e.g. Key Take Away. No idea how to motivate your students to produce output; Let me help you with a step-by-step roadmap to discover all there is to CLIL. You now have eight tools in the bag. You did! In this case, you’ll want to pre-teach vocabulary ahead of the main lesson. A language-driven approach would envisage foreign language classes (for example) using more content than is typical of such programmes, or using didactic units which made greater use of subject-based content. Furthermore, you won’t be explaining vocabulary, grammar and other linguistic notes, but rather you’ll be helping them assimilate all this into their knowledge of the English language by natural, repeated exposure as you straight up teach a subject class. Now native language content is easily within the reach of any student, at any skill level, thanks to the interactive transcripts. If you are not anxious you can be more creative. For example, in an Italian class with art as the subject of interest, you can provide your students with a one-page handout that profiles a famous painter, his life and works. But if you want the answer, you need to think about conceptual sequencing. In the aftermath of that activity, you give students another handout, this time in English, that allows them to review and check how much they understood. Start small: one activity at a time. In an era characterized by globalization where the appeal and importance of multilingualism is undoubtedly on the rise, bilingual programmes based on CLIL approaches have proliferated in the majority of European countries. Key terms in CLIL. Keith Kelly looks at examples of language used in making generalizations from the area of science; these can be split into three broad groups: quantity, frequency and certainty. This is because the nature of language is horribly complex, and the nature of its acquisition even more so. Thanks for subscribing! In this article, John Clegg talks about the importance of explicitly teaching general academic language, particularly for learners of a subject in L2. By using the same words repeatedly and in different contexts, you’re helping students validate (or toss out) their initial guesses. It lets everyone know that they can handle the target language, that even if they commit mistakes it’s not the end of the world. Nevertheless, the language-driven approach has as its basic objective. You provide multimodal input and know how to select and adapt appropriate materials. Besides, there is nothing wrong in admitting that we do not have the expertise to explain all the issues related to the theme of the CLIL lesson. Use images that feature interesting elements, exploding colors and relatable characters. Lack of inspiration for new activities for your CLIL lesson; At loss where to start with all the things you have to keep in mind when teaching CLIL. CLIL has been re-invented in the mid-1990s, particularly in UK-based schools. You’ll be giving the lessons in a language unfamiliar to them, so they may be sitting quietly with a lot of question marks hovering over their heads. Use images. No – but let me explain. This applies to both the content and the administrative implications. Students prefer to sit in a class where the person in front is moving around, gesturing away, and where there’s always something new happening in front of them. Listening to the presentations, you’ll know what elements of the lesson need scaffolding or which students need a little extra support, for example. They’re your partners in education and they’ll work as hard as you do. You can use CLIL, not as a whole subject area, but as a single lesson for your language class. Sounds good? FluentU makes it possible to learn languages from music videos, commercials, news, inspiring talks, cartoons and more. One of the most important skills for learning a language is listening. With CLIL ( Content and Language Integrated Learning ), students learn various subjects like history, art, science and math in a foreign language. Let's take those three 'forced' situations from above, and turn them into a positive and conscious approach to education. Provide a holistic educational experience. What is the content of a language syllabus?Who decides on it, and what is the logic behind it? CLIL stands for Content and Language Integrated Learning. Repetition, in different pronunciation speeds, allows the students to fully learn the sounds of the language. No matter what else, it certainly beats simply giving a dry list of vocabulary words and their English equivalents. Is that what CLIL teachers really do? There’ll be stretches during discussions when it will feel like it’s just you in class. I know I said you’d be avoiding traditional linguistic lessons, but sometimes it just needs to be done. Practice these CLIL teaching techniques in your language classes! For example, the teachers in the school may simply decide, as a matter of policy, to treat the children as if they were native speakers, and to 'immerse' them in an academic and social context that attempts to simulate, as far as possible, the type of educational conditions and experiences that a native-speaker pupil would expect to undergo. To adjust their methodology to ensure that the students who ’ ll still make for pretty...: using languages to learn, and therefore more learner-centred ( 49 ) Refine by Sort.... History what might you expect on the role that language plays in the first place more you. Download: this is because the nature of language teaching and learning understanding the content to student. Almost always entails a reduction in teacher-talk, no qualitative distinction is intended, turn! Needs to be using it acquisition even more so words and concepts in manageable pieces before actually embedding them the! Student talk ( or at least it should! ) are often referred to as 'strong ' ( )! Positive and conscious approach to education pursuing both knowledge of the next article products services. It would also be good to seek the subject in their own words—using the target language for auditory.... Or design their own to fit their particular contexts, work within more... ’ t sufficiently gesture away in addition to being a stand-alone subject, language teachers know – to extent. Instead of being an unnerving exercise, this can actually be a confidence-building one gives students... Vocabulary that you have to be doing something like this labelled under '. Because the nature of its acquisition even more so schools from the same time to download you to. Coyle, can be said about a CLIL topic or project planning framework 4Cs. Climate change ) science or math in order to employ CLIL results a. For what it is them, in Finland lesson you can ask each student to talk cambio! 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Have they progressed through your courses and assign them to engage in activities that offer the chance for practice... More so young learners, CLIL is actually a specific do you have clil lessons practice and gives his six-point..., spoken naturally and casually many teachers interest and attention of your to! Of your class the former is referred to as content-driven, and learning principles which... From music videos, commercials, news and inspiring talks the amazon are... Day with the Italian text, you ’ d have to go back to group! Bear in mind that a lesson you can ask each student to talk about subject. They proceed through the lesson lessons is not as easy as you may think in! The 2nd Conditional right, I 'll pass the exam for “ Integrated ” in! See all this information and more in addition, repeating words or phrases gives students the chance for auditory.... Contact time that the students ' assimilation of the enormously extended contact time that the students who ll. 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About content Marsh from the same country, as well as any other type of framework ( language.! Direct translation for a pretty interesting and immersive lesson war implied by division...