He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty . Ancient History Encyclopedia. Things did not improve for the young commander in the following year when his campaign in Babylonia against Seleucus also ended in failure. Synonyms for Demetrius I of Macedon in Free Thesaurus. Demetrius Poliorcetes synonyms, Demetrius Poliorcetes pronunciation, Demetrius Poliorcetes translation, English dictionary definition of Demetrius Poliorcetes. Demetrius I of Macedon ... Media in category "Demetrius I Poliorcetes" The following 8 files are in this category, out of 8 total. ; died circa 283 B.C. Born: 274 BC Died: 229 BC. He belonged to the Antigonid dynasty.…more Ancient History Encyclopedia, 23 Mar 2016. Siege towers were not new but Demetrius’ was the largest so far seen and was so massive it reportedly took 3,400 men to mobilise it. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at AHE. But the battle-weary Macedonian army suffered a disastrous defeat. Noun 1. Immediately after the murder of Alexander V, the nobles present—members of Alexander’s court, now surrounded by Demetrius’s forces—agreed to his kingship, and he was duly acclaimed by the assembled army. Early posthumous issue under Demetrius I Poliorcetes (306-283 BC), struck circa 295/4 BC. On Demetrius’ character Plutarch, comparing him with Rome’s Mark Antony, said, Both men were redoubtable womanizers, drinkers and fighters, both were open-handed, extravagant and arrogant, and these resemblances were reflected in the similarity of their fortunes. NGC Choice AU Strike 5/5, Surface 4/5, Fine Style. Demetrius himself was conscious of the ever-changing fortunes in his roller-coaster career for he would often quote in frustration these words on Fortune by the Greek tragedian Aeschylus - ‘You fan my flame one moment: In the next, extinguish it.’ (Plutarch, 365), Related Content Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachmcoin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. It is also noticeable that Demetrius allowed the restoration of the Athenian democracy and left no garrison at Athens and nor did he in other liberated cities such as Megara. But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. Earlier Established Forms Demetrius II Aetolicus (King) of MACEDONIA. HM George I's 60-Great Grandfather. Marriage and family. For this purpose, he built a massive fleet of 500 ships. For in 301 BCE the Antigonids were defeated at the Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia by Lysimachus and Seleucus I. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty , which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties. Ancient History Encyclopedia. In 303 BCE the city of Sicyon in the Peloponnese surrendered on the mere sight of Demetrius’ formidable siege engines, and in 302 BCE the League of Corinth was resurrected which would prove useful one year later. Demetrius I of Macedon, also known as Demetrios Poliorcetes, the 'Besieger' (c. 336 - c. 282 BCE), was a Macedonian king who, along with his father Antigonus I, fought for control of Alexander the Great ’s empire in the 'Successor Wars'. Unsuccessful against Ptolemy I Soter, satrap of Egypt, and against the Nabataeans, he liberated Athens from the Macedonian Cassander in 307 bc and in 306 decisively defeated Ptolemy at Salamis (Cyprus). CNG 99, Lot 86. Last modified March 23, 2016. King of Macedonia from 306 to 286 (with interruptions). Demetrius I of Macedonby Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA). Rhodes, a strategically important island throughout antiquity, was a particularly prosperous trade centre in Hellenistic times and an ally of Ptolemy. Then in yet another marriage of convenience, he made a treaty with Ptolemy. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος ; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής , The Besieger), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius, leading the cavalry and after an initial success, may have charged too deep into the enemy and exposed his father’s flank to an attack from Seleucus’ elephants. Updates? Argaeus i of macedon wikiwand macedonia (ancient kingdom) philip v demetrius alexander iv According to Plutarch, Demetrius lived a lavish life of debauchery in Athens, where he pushed for a crash-course initiation into the Eleusian Mysteries and hosted wild parties in the Parthenon. However, in 288 BCE, when his army realised that Lysimachus, Ptolemy, Seleucus and Pyrrhus were all marching on Macedon, they refused to take the field and Demetrius was forced to flee south. The huge battle was said to have involved 150,000 men and 475 elephants. He finally surrendered to Seleucus I Nicator in Cilicia (285) and died there (283). Price-2148 corr. Born circa 337 B.C. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. From his unsuccessful siege of Rhodes (305) he won the title Poliorcetes (“the Besieger”). Demetrius married three times, though the chronology of these marriages is a matter of dispute. Demetrius in the end of his reign defended his domain from the tribal peoples of the north. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Silver Tetradrachm of Demetrius I of Macedonby Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA). Their Zodiac sign is ♑ Capricorn. However, with his army devastated by plague and famine, he was forced to surrender once again in 285 BCE. Demetrius I — may refer to: Demetrius I Soter (born 185 BC, reign 161 150 BC), ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire Demetrius I of Macedon (337 283 BC), king of Macedon Demetrius I of Bactria, Greco Bactrian king (reigned c. 200 180 BC) Demetrius I of… … Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Demetrius campaigned in Greece again c. 295 BCE when he removed the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeated Sparta. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Plutarch continues and compares Demetrius unfavourably with Alexander the Great, suggesting the latter was a true ruler while the former was a mere actor. Demetrius gained distinction as a boy by defeating and dethroning Alexander of Epirus, thus saving Macedonia (c. 263). He was, according to Plutarch, buried at the city he had founded and which bore his name, Demetrias in Thessaly. As a reward for this great victory Antigonus announced that Demetrius would, from now on, be joint king with him. Demetrius I of Macedon (337-283 BC) fought and was victorious at the Battle of Salamis, where he defeated another Diadochi of Alexander the Great, Ptolemy I of Egypt, as a reult, he destroyed the Egyptian navy. Poss. Demetrius I Poliorcetes portrayed on a tetradrachm coin In 302 BC he returned a second time to Greece as liberator, and reinstated the Corinthian League. Demetrius’ fortunes further improved in 307 BCE when he successfully led a campaign in Greece to free Athens from Demetrius of Phaleron. He is the subject of one of Plutarch’s Lives. Macedonia (/ ˌ m æ s ɪ ˈ d oʊ n i ə / ; Ancient Greek: Μακεδονία), also called Macedon (/ ˈ m æ s ɪ d ɒ n /), was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece , and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece . He then set his sights on the Macedonian throne, which he claimed in 294 BCE with the help of Phila and after murdering Alexander V. Demetrius then established a new Macedonian capital in Magnesia in southern Thessaly, Demetrias. "Demetrius I of Macedon." "Demetrius I of Macedon." Demetrius was born in the garrison of Kelainai, Phrygia in 336 BCE as his father was King Antigonus I, at that time one of Alexander the Great’s commanders. Demetrius I (/dɪˈmiːtriəs/; Ancient Greek: Δημήτριος; 337–283 BC), called Poliorcetes (/ˌpɒliɔːrˈsiːtiːz/; Greek: Πολιορκητής, "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a Macedonian nobleman, military leader, and finally king of Macedon (294–288 BC). Demetrius kept a foothold in Greece and in 294 reoccupied Athens and established himself as king of Macedonia, but in 288 he was driven out by his rivals Lysimachus and Pyrrhus. His descendants remained in possession of the Macedonian throne till the time of Perseus, when Macedon was conquered by the Romans in 168 BC. Demetrius acquired his surname of Soter, or Savior, from the Babylonians, whom he delivered from the tyranny of the Median satrap, Timarchus. When Alexander the Great died in 323 BCE, he left behind an empire... Lysimachus (c. 361-281 BCE) was one of Alexander the Great’s... Macedon was an ancient kingdom located in the north of the Greek... Demetrius I commands his father's cavalry units at the battles of Paraetacene and Gabiene in, Demetrius I marries Stratonice, daughter of Seleucus I and in return Demetrius is given, When his army deserts him Demetrius I flees, Demetrius I surrenders to Seleucus I and lives as a prsioner for three years until his, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Demetrius I, Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, 336-283 B.C. Among his outrages was his courtship of a young boy named Democles the Handsome. Demetrius I (Greek: Δημήτριος, 337-283 BC), called Poliorcetes (Greek: Πολιορκητής - "The Besieger"), son of Antigonus I Monophthalmus and Stratonice, was a king of Macedon (294288 BC). Agnes Harris's 52-Great Grandfather. Kingdom of Macedon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Demetrius-I-Poliorcetes, Military History Encyclopedia on the Web - Biography of Demetrius I Poliorcetes (336-283). But his licentiousness and extravagance made the Athenians long for the government of Cassander. A battle with the Dardanians turned out disastrously, and he died shortly afterwards, leaving Philip, his son by Chryseis, still a child. Consolidating his control over central Greece Demetrius went back to his old hobby of besieging cities and twice blockaded Thebes. The son of Antigonus I, he proved himself a very able commander in … 305 ) he won the title Poliorcetes ( literally, “ the ”... 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