Disaster recovery planning includes establishing a planning group, performing risk assessment, establishing priorities, developing recovery strategies, preparing inventories and documentation of the plan, developing verification criteria and procedure, and lastly implementing the plan.[71]. reduce/mitigate – implement safeguards and countermeasures to eliminate vulnerabilities or block threats, assign/transfer – place the cost of the threat onto another entity or organization such as purchasing insurance or outsourcing, accept – evaluate if the cost of the countermeasure outweighs the possible cost of loss due to the threat. This glossary provides a central resource of terms and definitions most commonly used in NIST information security publications and in CNSS information assurance publications. Information security is information risk management. When an end user reports information or an admin notices irregularities, an investigation is launched. [26] The academic disciplines of computer security and information assurance emerged along with numerous professional organizations, all sharing the common goals of ensuring the security and reliability of information systems. Using them enables organizations of any kind to manage the security of assets such as financial information, intellectual property, employee details or information entrusted by third parties. If a person makes the statement "Hello, my name is John Doe" they are making a claim of who they are. Cognition: Employees' awareness, verifiable knowledge, and beliefs regarding practices, activities, and self-efficacy relation that are related to information security. The policies prescribe what information and computing services can be accessed, by whom, and under what conditions. This step is crucial to the ensure that future events are prevented. Compliance: Adherence to organizational security policies, awareness of the existence of such policies and the ability to recall the substance of such policies. Information that has been encrypted (rendered unusable) can be transformed back into its original usable form by an authorized user who possesses the cryptographic key, through the process of decryption. information security (uncountable) The protection of information and information systems from unauthorized access and disruption. A key that is weak or too short will produce weak encryption. It also contains nearly all of the terms and definitions from CNSSI-4009. Even though two employees in different departments have a top-secret clearance, they must have a need-to-know in order for information to be exchanged. Definition - What does Information Security (IS) mean? Information security, on the contrary, primarily focuses on information. The law forces these and other related companies to build, deploy and test appropriate business continuity plans and redundant infrastructures. Such a definition of security should fulfil at least three conditions. [85] Cultural concepts can help different segments of the organization work effectively or work against effectiveness towards information security within an organization. Identification is an assertion of who someone is or what something is. Ensuring availability also involves preventing denial-of-service attacks, such as a flood of incoming messages to the target system, essentially forcing it to shut down.[39]. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. How to use security in a sentence. [64], In this step information that has been gathered during this process is used to make future decisions on security. 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