Friar plums take time to mature as they are usually ripe three weeks after Black Ruby. This tart also works well when made with fresh figs. Delight your taste buds, mind and eyes with beautiful photos and inspirational techniques on everything you need to know to grow, preserve and cook your own heirloom fruits and vegetables. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the fle The fruit is essential to culinary traditions in the Lorraine region of France. It is best to consume yellow plums when freshly harvested. Toss them gently and let them sit at room temperature for 1 hour. Mirabelles are distilled to make a local obsession, the fruit brandy known as eau de vie. On the other hand, John W plums which are named after their fruit breeder – John H. Weinberger – distinguish themselves with purple skin and orange flesh. ... Mirabelle Plum Frozen Puree #16. However, the truth is greengage plums are naturally green in color even when they become mature. Bake in pies and crumbles. The fruit is primarily used in fruit preserves and dessert pies, and its juice is commonly fermented for wine or distilled into plum brandy. Simply prune off what’s getting out of reach and let them go. Mirabelle Plum Tree, highly regarded in Europe, this exceptional variety features round, yellow fruit with firm, tender, sweet and delectable, yellow flesh. However, they need to be protected against bacteria and that can be done with the use of Bacterial Canker. Similar to peaches and cherries, plums are a rich source of vitamin A and vitamin C and various antioxidants. I’ve been lucky enough to spend time in Lorraine, living with a family who makes their own delicious mirabelle fruit jams, pies, and Schnapps. Drizzle the honey over the plums and add the vanilla (or cinnamon stick), citrus slices, and wine. A mirabelle plum is a small and delicious fruit that has a number of important health benefits but is difficult to find outside of Europe.. What is a Mirabelle Plum? Autumn and winter are the best times to plant and prune mirabelle plum trees in Lorraine. The mention of plums can be found in ancient documents that date back to 479 B.C and were also domesticated by Chinese around the same time period. The best quality is that Mayor Plums do not get affected by pests. Two popular cultivars in Europe are ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ and ‘Mirabelle de Nancy.’ The skin of ‘Mirabelle de Nancy’ fruit is a stronger yellow, and the flesh is firmer and better suited to cooking or distilling. Most Japanese plums begin to bloom and mature earlier than any other type of plums. 90% of mirabelle plums grown commercially are made into either jam (70%) or eau de vie (20%). This stone fruit is exceedingly juicy when firm and soft. Excellent for fresh fruit, stewing and … These sweet-tart flavored fruits were loved and praised by Confucius – a Chinese teacher, politician, and philosopher as it can be observed from his several written pieces of work. They are firm and crisp which is why they are commonly used in making mint salsa. Unfortunately, they can’t be imported to other countries due to difficulties concerning the import of fresh and excellent quality of products. They will not produce in northern areas with very late springs or locales with very hot summers. Most people incorrectly assume that these moist fruits were first domesticated by cultivars in the wild. Like its skin, the flesh also differs as some are red in color while others in lighter tones of yellow. While plucots and pluots are often labeled as the same type of plums, they are technically different. Pluots are a sweet, hybrid fruit with smooth reddish skin and yellowish flesh. If you have been enjoying only one kind of plum, then we are afraid to break it to you that you are missing out on a lot of joy and amazing flavors! The mirabelle plum tree bears heirloom fruit that’s perfect for jams, jellies, tarts, and brandy. Mirabelles are grown all over the world, but the two best-known varieties hail from the Lorraine region in France. • Organic gardening tips to improve your health and wellness Once dried-out, these tasty fruits retain its sweet flavor which is why they can be deliciously incorporated in different types of dry dishes. The golden fruits tumbled to the ground, and other family members hurried to gather them before Uncle Armand could trample them in his enthusiasm. Pre-heat your oven at 375F. Hannah Wernet grew up on a sheep farm in Wales, and currently teaches and writes in Austria, where she dreams of a self-sufficient life in the French countryside. You can find a number of varieties of pluots at a market – Dapple Dandy, Flavor Grenade, Flavorglo, and Dinosaur Egg. This is a relatively new plum that tastes utterly delicious and comes in a bluish-black color. Join today and save off the newsstand price! 2. Mirabelle plums are great for fresh eating and canning and makes delicious jam and baked goods. Stay away from plums that are small, hard, and have weird spots on them. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie). How to cook plums. Did you know that plums are probably the first type of fruit cultivated by humans? Red plums are available with a sweet-tart flavor that can increase your mineral and vitamin intake while giving you a dose of excellent antioxidants at the same time. They consist of phenolic compounds that prevent LDL cholesterol from clogging into your bloodstream and thus lower the risk of a heart attack or stroke. Unlike other varieties of plums, the center of black ruby is freestone which means that the stone easily separates from the flesh. From the first distillation you have a very rough Schnapps, which has to be distilled again. The whole family came together for harvest a few years ago when I helped them gather a bumper crop of heirloom fruit. To reproduce the photo image, arrange the plum segments in concentric circles, overlapping the slices as you go. In the United States, the best times to plant are late fall and early spring, or any time the trees are dormant. So many fruit trees, so little time, and with each success, failure has likely played its part. Friars feature a round shape with a dark-violet to brightly black color. Other than pruning and removing suckers, there isn’t much labor involved with growing mirabelles. The grower must be careful that the rootstock doesn’t send up suckers, and must prune them back vigorously when they appear. Mirabelle de Nancy plum trees originated in France, where they are beloved for their intensely sweet flavor and firm, juicy texture. This late-season plum is sweet, juicy, and has a small pit. To make the most of pluots, you will have to look for fresh, fragrant plums that are firm and vibrant in their appearance. The ideal time to get Black Beauty at grocery markets is in a midseason (spring and fall). It is believed Single yellow mirabelle plum isolated. Otherwise, the fruit may lose its original flavor and may not taste as vigorous as it ought to. From eating fresh to making jams, jellies, pies, brandies and more, mirabelles are a remarkably versatile fruit. The mirabelle plums hail from Lorraine and show up only in the short season. The following are the few popular types of European plums that are worth your read. Get full nutrition facts and other common serving sizes of Mirabelle Plum including 1 oz and 100 g. Research shows that 90% of yellow plums that are commercially cultivated are either made into jams or fruit brandy. You may also find Moyer plums being sold as Italian plums, French prunes, Italian prunes, or just fresh prunes. Preheat the oven to 375ºF (190ºC.) Mid - late August. I like to try out fruit trees like some folks enjoy trying on shoes. Designated a superior regional product, mirabelle plum trees have protected status. Exquisite, succulent, amber fleshed, combining the best qualities of each parent. One simple and easy method to ripen Black Beauty is by keeping it in a paper bag and leaving it at room temperature. Or, store them in the fridge in a perforated bag for up to five days. The United States hosts some mirabelle tree producers. This bumper harvest would keep the whole family in Schnapps for years to come. Most will freely interpollinize. Depending on the variety, greengage plums can range from a small to medium size and flaunt pale yellow-green to bright lime with red specks as their skin surface. syriaca, FRUIT: Small, oval, yellow dotted with red, free stone, POLLINATION: Benefits from growing a different plum cultivar with concurrent bloom period close-by. Plums belonging to each of these groups have a different skin/flesh color, flavor, and seasonality. Use fresh Mirabelle plums when in season, or Victoria plums, Damsons and Greengages. "Mirabelle" is a mid-season, free-stone plum with firm, yellow flesh and yellow skin, often speckled with red dots. (USA only), • 1 year of Mother Earth Gardener magazine both print and digital You won’t want to miss the stories about plants passed down from generation to generation. Robust mirabelles will tolerate most temperate climates with adequate rainfall. To let them survive for this long, you will need to refrigerate the plums. People who consider most plums mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, and more intensely flavored mirabelles. Due to their impeccable sweet taste, Mayor Plums are often labeled as “sugar plums”. syriaca) is queen in that country’s Lorraine region. Become a Preferred Subscriber and start enjoying the benefits today! • Heirloom seed-saving techniques The production of Schnapps marks the beginning of the Christmas season. This is typically done in a basement or garage. Both these varieties of black plums are recently introduced and are considered to be amongst the large plum varieties. The yellow egg plum, also known by the species name Prunus domestica, may be found in either purple or yellow and is quite common in Europe and North America. PLUM OIL is one of the best natural skin moisturizers because of its lightness—it moisturizes dry skin without leaving it greasy. and then introduced to Northern Europe. Unlike Black Beauty and Friar, Black Splendor is quite an early-season plum and can be harvested around June 5 to June 20. Mirabelle de Nancy plums are delicious eaten fresh, but they are also at the top of the list for jams, jellies, tarts, and nearly every sweet treat under the sun. You can find these fruits in medium to large sizes with moist, reddish flesh. Avoid soggy or soft pluots as chances are they haven’t ripened quite well. Mirabelle plums are a small, sweet type of fruit most commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. Mirabelle plums: Orchard candy for the picking. Did you know that you can store greengage plums for up to a week? While most of the world associates France with the grape, the mirabelle plum tree (Prunus domestica subsp. When the heirloom fruit has finished the fermentation process — usually two to three months, evidenced by a lack of bubbles in the airlock — the fermented mash is ready to be distilled. Black plums usually range from bright red to deep purple color and come with a mild to sweet taste. It is believed that this type of fruit species was first cultivated in Syria and then in Rome; during the Crusades, the Romans introduced European plums to the Western part of Europe. According to the Clemson University Horticulture’s website, Black Ruby’s trees can easily tolerate the humid climate, which is why they are cultivated in the damp areas of southern and Mediterranean areas. The skin color of red plums varies from light red to dark purple. Plums are multi-branched, medium-sized, upright to spreading trees that will grow in a wide variety of well drained soils. This northeastern area close to Germany has the best climate for growing Mirabelles, and as a result, the Lorraine has produced two distinct varieties of fruit. Typically, they are used in dishes such as plum tarts as they don’t fall apart when baked or cooked. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is quite unlike typical plums. Many people who find plums to be mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, more intensely flavored mirabelles. Try making some of our favorite plum recipes with all that in-season fruit you have on hand. (Here’s a French recipe for a rustic mirabelle plum tart.) From the second distillation, the first parts (fore shots) are poisonous, and must be discarded. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. European & Asian Plum Trees: prunus domestica Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. • Access to exclusive online content -- seasonal recipes, organic pest control & more. Eat sweet dessert plums raw. Jean-Paul says, “The Schnapps produced at the end of the distillation is not good, so some of the old folk keep it for cleaning windows, treating wounds, and so on.”. Also known as Prunus salicina, Japanese plums are quite round and require at least 140 to 170 days to mature. 1/4 cup (60ml) white wine. While you can grow your very own Mirabelle plums in your home garden, the most genuine Mirabelle fruit is only grown in France. Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. Commonly referred to as Mirabelle prunes or cherry plums, Mirabelle plums are a surprisingly small and sweet fruit, that are commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. One may think of them having a sour-like taste since most green-hued fruits are sour. Published by the editors of MOTHER EARTH NEWS, Mother Earth Gardener provides decades of organic gardening experience from the most trusted voices in the field. European plums can be found in a number of varieties, varying in their colors and flavors. Mirabelle trees do well in most temperate zones. How to store plums. Backyard gardeners will appreciate the beauty, productivity, and manageable size of mirabelle plum trees. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. He hooked it onto a laden branch and used the weight of his body to shake the mirabelles free. This is one of the rarest forms of plum that you won’t find in many countries except for France. (In the Lorraine dialect, it’s more common to hear the German word for eau de vie: Schnapps.). They’re partially self-fertile, meaning it’s a good idea to have another mirabelle tree, or a different plum cultivar, in the area for cross-pollination and a better harvest. The tree cannot be grown from seed, and must be grafted onto stronger rootstock. Every fruit is to be treasured, as among the finest products of the garden. The author's host family harvests mirabelles in Lorraine, France. Following are some of the main types of Japanese plums that are dominating the commercial supply of plums. BOTANICAL NAME: Prunus domestica subsp. A healthy natural way to help reduce dry skin inflammation, redness and itchiness, plum oil is also an ideal moisturizer for those with psoriasis, eczema, and easily irritated skin. Register Today! Another type of Japanese black plum includes Friar, which consists of a lighter tone of amber flesh. It has been estimated that each plum contains a gram of fiber, a half-gram of protein, 6.5 grams of sugar, 30 calories only, and no fat or cholesterol. Just like any other plum, pluots can stay on the counter for three days and for one week in a refrigerator. Generally, plucots boast a yellowish-green exterior with a bold pink to the red interior. Two popular cultivars in Europe are ‘Mirabelle de Metz’ and ‘Mirabelle de Nancy.’ The skin of ‘Mirabelle de Nancy’ fruit is a stronger yellow, and the flesh is firmer and better suited to … The family’s trees are located in the middle of a grain field — a line of trees that stands up to harsh winter winds and provides a haven for wildlife. Owing to these nutrients and more, plums help improve the heart’s health, circulation of blood, lower the cholesterol level, remove the appearance of skin scars and thus improve one’s complexion. People who consider most plums mealy and bland will prefer smaller, firmer, and more intensely flavored mirabelles. “Then you have the Schnapps, which is very strong and should be mixed with distilled water until it is 40 percent.”, Not all the brandy is destined to be drunk, and it can be used for other applications around the home. Greengage plums aren’t just flavorful but they are also packed with an excellent nutrition profile, containing vitamins A, C, and K. In addition, they also filled with minerals like potassium and phosphorus. Uncle Armand brought out a special homemade tool, a long broom handle with a hook on one end. Red plums also happen to be a wise choice for those looking for ways to lose their weight. Once ripe, plums will keep at room temperature for around three to four days. Mirabelle plums are intensely flavored and firmer-fleshed than many other plum varieties. The fruit is made into jams, jellies, pies, ice cream, compotes, and every other sweet treat imaginable. Eighty percent of the world’s commercial mirabelle harvest comes from northeastern France, where Lorraine’s cuisine is unique. Generally, yellow plums are used for making dessert pies, jams, fruit preserves, juices, and plum brandy. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, the trees of these two types of plums yield a large number of plum crops with Owen T in the midseason while John W in the late season. Unlike Japanese plums, they come in an oval shape with lemony green-yellow skin and prominent patches of reddish-blue color. According to a study published in the Journal of HortScience in 2004, the yellow-fleshed red plums are more nutrient-ridden than the red-fleshed ones. Some groups of people believe that plums were carried to Rome around 200 B.C. If the fruit ferments correctly, there will be no bad odor. On the other hand, others like to think that the Duke of Anjou upon his return from Jerusalem brought along plums to Europe around 1198 to 1204 A.D. Whatever may be the truth, one common consensus remains that wild plums were planted and raised throughout the Old and New Worlds. In dry years, mulching around the base of the tree with grass clippings can help retain moisture. The mirabelle fruits ferment throughout autumn, substantially decreasing in volume. There are 6 calories in 1 Mirabelle Plum. It is a yellow, red-flecked and tiny cherry-tomato-sized and sweet and delicate flavor. David September 16, 2013 I've never roasted mirabelles but have roasted regular plums with a little brown sugar or honey and packed them into a mason jar and filled with brandy. Already a Member but haven't activated your account. Like other fruit trees, plums need full sun to produce well. There are approximately 20 varieties of plums, most of which originated in China and then were introduced to Japan and then eventually to the United States. Rosemary Gladstar's Medicinal Herbs: A Beginner's Guide, Winter Herbal Remedies from the Medicinal Garden, Fabled Heirloom Potatoes from the High Andes. The Mirabelle plum, also known by the species namePrunus insititia, originated from Asia, but also is widely grown in France. Plums would have to be the easiest home garden fruit trees of all. Mirabelle plums are a small, sweet type of fruit most commonly grown in the Lorraine region of France. With so many health benefits, it is good to know that plums come in a wide range of variety. Most of these home distillers learn the skill from their fathers or grandfathers. Botanically classified as Prunus domestica, greengage plums are sold out in the summer season by over a dozen cultivars such as Imperial Gage, Reine Claude, Bryanston, Golden Transparent, Laxton’s Gage, and Cambridge Gage. In addition to a terrific weight loss booster, red plums improve the heart’s health as well. To ensure the healthy growth of Moyer Plums, plant its crop with other European plum varieties like Brooks Plum. Gathering the mirabelle fruit and distilling Schnapps are annual community events that have persisted for hundreds of years. After harvest, the family stores the fruit in large barrels fitted with airlocks that allow gasses to escape but no bacteria to enter. They are usually sold fresh and plump, having a pleasantly sweet flavor. Follow her blog at Season Generously. 2 thin slices lemon or orange. But research shows that they have the highest sugar level. On the other hand, other types of Japanese plums are “clingstone” in which the flesh is fast attached to the pit. Considered as the best European type of plum, Moyer plums are longer in shape and less round which is... 2. Mirabelle plum, also known as mirabelle prune or cherry plum, is a cultivar group of plum trees of the genus Prunus. Once matured, they flaunt firm and crisp flesh and can easily be imported to other countries without getting damaged on their way. Plucots are an early plum-apricot hybrid while pluot consists of plum traits more than an apricot’s. You can also use them to make delectable jams, reductions, compotes, and a wide variety of alcohol. This helps give the dish more a come-together appearance and texture. It is also considered to be an “ancient domesticated species” and is widely cultivated in temperate regions. Some men who produce it here only throw away a small glass, but I throw away a big glass.” (Jean-Paul aims for quality over quantity.) Consumers of greengage plums suggest that these beautiful-looking fruits have dense and juicy flesh, having the right balance of honey-like sweetness and subtle acidity of citrus fruits. An excellent choice for backyard gardeners, mirabelle plum trees stay a manageable size, usually 12 to 16 feet in height at maturity. Lorraine is justifiably proud of its favorite fruit, which holds a central place in its cuisine. Plums … Bottles of Schnapps in the patriarch’s basement date back decades; many are older than his daughter, who is herself a grandmother. The plums are also excellent when eaten fresh. Don’t miss a single issue of Mother Earth Gardener. Japanese black plums can be further divided into more types which are as follows: Black Ruby is a fairly round and reddish-brown plum with yellowish-orange flesh. These high sugar plums are renowned for their use in various jams, jellies, baked products, and fruit brandy (known as eau de vie). However, the … Many families cultivate one or two trees in their gardens, in shared orchards, or in rows in fields. You will require big space and have to consider regular care and maintenance for these beautiful plums to grow healthy. Although the region has had a violent and bloody past, switching between French and German control many times, its love for the mirabelle plum has endured. Children who live far away return home to help. • Special discounted prices on tools, kits, and hands-on resources in the Mother Earth Gardener Store Get one year (4 issues) for only $24.95! They are a late-season plum variety that ripe in late July and August. Distillation is a great way to preserve and store a large mirabelle crop. However, Owen T is regarded as the largest plum as it measures up to 3 inches in width and weighs almost half a pound. The flavors that work best with greengage plums include nutmeg, tropical fruits, vanilla, butter, chocolate, citrus, and tropical flavors. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. European or Italian Plums 1. 750 hours. Survival Skills, Garden Planning, Seed Saving, Food Preservation, Natural Health – Dozens of courses, 100+ workshops, and interactive Q&As. 1. Place the plums in a large bowl, and sprinkle ½ cup of sugar on top. Greengage plums may appear to be deceiving with an unripe-shade – green. These yummy plums are also quite versatile in nature and can be used in the making of various dishes like ice creams, pies, and cakes. Some reliable producers in the U.S. are Greenmantle Nursery, Raintree Nursery, and Trees of Antiquity. syriaca Mirabelle) grows on trees of the Prunus genus and is thought to have originated from a wild-growing fruit in Anatolia, Turkey. 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